White to move. You can find the solution here. By solely trusting on the recognition of the constellation of the pieces, it is clear that you must have stored an awfull lot of constellations before you will be able to solve this one fast. But if we manage to develop our ability to see the hidden topology of the terrain, things might become much easier.
The focal points of the position above are g7 and g8. Why? What are the characteristics of these squares?
- The squares are in contact with a target (the king). What does in contact mean? That depends on the attacker. If I place a queen on g7, there is contact. But if I place a rook or a knight on g7, there is not.
- The squares are hard to reach by the defender. This means it takes a lot of moves. Both Bf8 and pawn f7 are shielding the squares off. The fact that Bf8 is immobile makes it even worse.
- The squares are easy to reach by attackers. Especially Re1 and Qd2.
g1 and g2 are focal points of the second order. They are in contact with both the focal points g7/g8 and the attackers.
The skill of seeing the hidden topology of the board would be helpfull in any position. Such skill would be maximal transferable.